Congenital Hearing Loss

Children born with hearing loss has got this through either genetic or non-genetic reasons. Today, children are having a screening test after birth and then in most cases a hearing loss will be discovered. However, if your child has a mild hearing loss or a hearing loss on one ear only it can be difficult to notice. Therefore, if you have the slightest suspicion that your child is suffering from hearing loss, do not hesitate to contact us. Our hearing care professionals are just a call or a click away.


Hereditary congenital hearing loss

Many forms of hearing loss are genetic. With hereditary types of hearing loss there has been a loss in the sense of hearing or the organs of hearing, caused by the transmission of genetic factors. Hearing loss from genetic defects can be present at birth or develop later on in life. 

Most common causes of hereditary hearing loss:

  • Down syndrome 
  • Usher syndrome 
  • Treacher Collins syndrome
  • Crouzon syndrome
  • Alport syndrome
  • Waardenburg syndrome

Non-hereditary congenital hearing loss

In about 1 in 4 cases of hearing loss there is a non-genetic cause that can be identified. Non-genetic hearing loss is most often caused by illness or trauma before birth or during the birth process, but also maternal exposure to different types of drugs and medications may cause non-hereditary congenital hearing loss – especially in the early stages of pregnancy.

Most common causes of non-hereditary hearing loss: 

  • Maternal infections, such as rubella/measles, cytomegalovirus, or herpes simplex virus 
  • Prematurity 
  • Low birth weight 
  • Birth injuries 
  • Toxins including drugs and alcohol consumed by the mother during pregnancy 
  • Complications associated with the Rh factor in the blood/jaundice
  • Maternal diabetes

Early identification is important

Hearing loss in infants and small children can be difficult to recognize. However, if you have the slightest suspicion that your child is suffering from hearing loss, the most important thing to do is to have his or her hearing screened and begin the right treatment and relevant therapy as early as possible. Early treatment and management of hearing loss in children is essential to ensure the best possible outcome for their language development, social life and education. 

More on children with hearing loss


Most types of hearing loss can be treated with hearing care, so at Audika we have hearing aids for any type of hearing loss from mild to severe. Our focus is to help people hear better, so they can communicate, learn, and enjoy life.

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